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Dynamic microphones are robust, and comparatively inexpensive. They’re best with higher volume sources.
Condenser (powered) microphones are more sensitive, but more expensive. Mics used in studio applications are usually condenser mics.
General purpose vocals
Shure SM58 (Dynamic) – Industry-standard rock microphone. Very hard-wearing. Built-in pop screen.
General purpose pickup
Shure SM57 (Dynamic) – Instruments or Close-up Foley etc.
Stage Area pickup
AKG C568 Shotgun Microphone (Condenser) – hang from the rig above an acting area, or place in a suitable floor-mounted microphone clip along the front of the stage.
Crown PCC-160 or Bartlett Stage Floor Microphone – Place on floor at front of acting area. (Will also pick up foot noise, so suitable for tap-dancing etc.)
There’s a wide variety of types of radio microphone available, suitable for different applications, in different countries.
Wi-Fi / Digital
Should be chosen with caution – if there’s a lot of wifi traffic (from audience cellphones as well as from wifi access points around the venue) you will not get optimum performance from large numbers of these. Ensure you read manufacturer’s recommendations carefully.
Lavalier / Tie-Clip
Micropore tape can be used to hold the microphone frame in place, and to keep the cable tidy.