Born: 1 September 1862
Died: 29 February 1928


Swiss theorist of modern stage lighting and décor. In interpreting Wagner’s ideas in scenic designs for his operas, Appia rejected painted scenery for the three-dimensional set; he felt that shade was as necessary as light to link the actor to this setting in time and space. His use of light, through intensity, color, and mobility, to set the atmosphere and mood of a play created a new perspective in scene design and stage lighting. (from
Further reading: Adolphe Appia: Texts on Theatre by Richard Beacham (Routledge)